Public Expenditure in Education in Latin America. Recommendations to Serve the Purposes of the Paris Open Educational Resources Declaration

Amalia Toledo Hernández, Carolina Botero, Luisa Guzmán

Abstract


In this paper, the authors identify and analyze public policy and the investment and expenditure that the governments of Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Paraguay and Uruguay commit to make in the development and procurement of textbooks, books and digital content for primary and secondary education (K-12). The aim is to identify and propose a roadmap for developing policies that advance the principles of the Paris Open Educational Resources Declaration. In the region, digital content coexists with and complements the traditional ones. Paper textbooks continue to have a leading role in the education systems of the region. In this context, the authors assess how the acquisition of traditional and digital materials occurs and offer some recommendations to the governments to adjust their public spending policies on educational resources development and procurement.


Keywords


OER, K-12; open access, public policy, public expenditure

Full Text:

PDF

References


ABC Color. (2011, January 9). Amplia oferta de textos escolares para el sector educativo privado. ABC Color. Retrieved from http://www.abc.com.py/edicion-impresa/locales/amplia-oferta-de-textos-escolares-para-el-sector-educativo-privado-205989.html

Batare, S. (2012). Efficiency of public spending on education. Public Policy and Administration, 11(2), 171-186.

Botero, C. & Labastida, I. (2008). Open licensing’s impact on higher education resources Colombian and Catalan approaches. Barcelona, Spain: Universitat de Barcelona. Retrieved from http://diposit.ub.edu/dspace/bitstream/2445/13688/1/6-Botero.pdf

Cámara Colombiana del Libro (2011). Estadísticas del libro en Colombia. Año 2011. Colombia. Retrieved from ftp://ftp.camlibro.com.co/Estadisticas/Presentacion%20Estadisticas%202011.pdf

Cape Town Open Education Declaration. (2007). Cape Town Open Education Declaration: Unlocking the promise of open educational resources. Retrieved from http://www.capetowndeclaration.org/read-the-declaration

Carson, S. (2006), MIT OpenCourseWare 2005 program evaluation findings. Retrieved from http://ocw.MIT.edu/ans7870/global/05_Prog_Eval_Report_Final.pdf

Creative Commons. (2013). OER Policy Registry. Retrieved from http://wiki.creativecommons.org/OER_Policy_Registry

Dávila Castañeda, R. (2005). El libro en América Latina: situación actual y políticas públicas. Boletín Gestión Cultural, 13, 1-27. Retrieved from http://sic.conaculta.gob.mx/documentos/905.pdf

ECLAC & OECD (2013). Latin America Economic Outlook 2013. SME Policies for Structured Change. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1781/leo-2013-en

Ganimian, A. J. & Solano Rocha, A. (2011). Measuring up? How did Latin America and the Caribbean perform on the 2009 Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA)? U.S.A.: Partnership for the Revitalization of Education in the Americas. Retrieved from http://www.preal.org/NoticiaDetalleNN.asp?Id_Noticia=550

Hilton, J. & Wiley, D. (2012). A preliminary examination of the cost savings and learning impacts of using open textbooks in middle and high school service classes. The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 13(3). Retrieved from http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/1153/2256

Johnstone, M. & Poulin, R. (2002). What is OpenCourseWare and why does it matter? Change, 4(4), 48-50.

Ministerio de Educación de Argentina (2013, April 18). Cristina Fernández y Sileoni anunciaron el Operativo Nacional de Entrega de Textos Escolares y obras en Escuelas Técnicas. Gacetillas y Comunicados. Retrieved from http://portal.educacion.gov.ar/prensa/gacetillas-y-comunicados/cristina-fernandez-y-sileoni-anunciaron-el-operativo-nacional-de-entrega-de-textos-escolares-y-obras-en-escuelas-tecnicas/

Ministerio de Educación de Chile. (2009). Política de textos escolares. Santiago, Chile: Unidad de Curriculum y Evaluación. Retrieved from http://portal.textosescolares.cl/imagen/File/biblioteca/Folleto_Politica_2.pdf.

Ministerio de Educación Nacional de Colombia. (2012). Recursos Educativos Digitales Abiertos. Bogotá, Colombia: Graficando Servicios Digitales. Retrieved from http://www.colombiaaprende.edu.co/reda/REDA2012.pdf

Ministerio de Educación Nacional de Colombia. (n.d.). Rendición de cuentas diciembre 2011-septiembre 2012. Retrieved from http://www.mineducacion.gov.co/1621/articles-194741_archivo_pdf_informe_octubre19.pdf

Ministerio de Educación y Cultura de Uruguay. (2012). Anuario estadístico de educación. Uruguay. Retrieved from http://educacion.mec.gub.uy/boletin/Anuario2011/ANUARIO%202011%20-%201-2-13.pdf

Ministry of National Education official. (2013, May 29). Personal communication.

OECD. (2008). Latin America economic outlook 2009. Retrieved from http://www.oecd.org/dev/americas/41577384.pdf

Preal & Instituto de Desarrollo. (2013). Informe de Desarrollo Educativo Paraguay. Retrieved from http://www.desarrollo.edu.py/v2/uploads/2013/05/Informe-de-Progreso-Educativo-PARAGUAY-2013.pdf

Rossini, C. (2010). Green-Paper: The state and challenges of OER in Brazil: From readers to writers? Massachusetts, U.S.A: Berkman Center for Internet and Society. Retrieved from http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1549922##

Toledo, A.; Botero, C. & Guzmán, L. (2014). Gasto público en la educación en América Latina. ¿Puede server a los propósitos de la Declaración de París sobre Recursos Educativos Abiertos? Cuadernos de discusión de información y comunicación, 1. Retrieved from http://www.unesco.org/new/fileadmin/MULTIMEDIA/FIELD/Montevideo/pdf/CDCI1-Karisma-ES.pdf

UNESCO. (2002). Forum on the impact of Open Courseware for higher education in developing countries. Final report. Retrieved from http://unesdoc.UNESCO.org/images/0012/001285/128515e.pdf

UNESCO. (2012). Paris Open Educational Resources Declaration. Retrieved from http://www.unesco.org/new/fileadmin/MULTIMEDIA/HQ/CI/CI/pdf/Events/Paris%20OER%20Declaration_01.pdf

Uribe, R. (n.d.). Programas, compras oficiales y dotación de textos escolares en América Latina. Retrieved from http://www.cerlalc.org/secciones/libro_desarrollo/Textos_Escolares.pdf

Utah Open Textbook Project. (2011, December 16). The $5 Textbook – Now For Less Than $5. Retrieved from http://utahopentextbooks.org/2011/12/16/the-5-textbook-now-for-less-than-5

Utah Open Textbook Project (n.d.). About. Retrieved from http://utahopentextbooks.org/about

Zoido, P. (2008). Public spending on education in Latin America: Does it work? Policy Insights, 80. Retrieved from http://www.oecd.org/dev/41561645.pdf




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5944/openpraxis.6.2.119

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.