Community members’ interference and conduct of University distance learning examinations In South Eastern Nigeria

Anthony Odera Unamma

Abstract


This research work was aimed at determining the degree of community members’ interference in the conduct of university distance learning examination in South Eastern Nigeria. It was also aimed at finding out the factors responsible for the community members’ interference, the ways by which interference is effected, the consequences and the strategies to improve the conduct of the examination. A survey descriptive research design was adopted. Information obtained was analyzed by using the Z-test statistical technique. Findings include community members reluctance to provide their infrastructural facilities at cheap rate; use of some spaces for religious worships when examinations are taking place; harassment and bribing of invigilators or examiners; conspiracy with some community members to throw paper balls containing answers into halls, etc. The study recommends preventive measures for minimizing interference during the examinations.


Keywords


distance learning

References


Academy for Educational Development. (2005). Campaign for African American achievement phase I 10/99–10/04 evaluation. Prepared for the National Urban League. Washington, DC: AED.

Adewale, O. A., Ajadi, T. O. & Inegbedion, J. O. (2011). Perception of Learners on Electronic Examination in Open and Distance Learning Institutions. A case study of National Open University of Nigeria. US-China Education Review A, 1(5), 639-644.

Aggarwal, J. C. (2008). Essentials of examination system: evaluation, tests and measurement. New Delhi: Vikas Publishing House.

Anukam I. L. & Anukam. H. O. (2006). The Hidden curriculum and school Administration. Owerri: Treasure Books Publisher.

Balfanz, R. & Legters, N (2006, July 12). Closing “Dropout Factories”. Education Week, 25(42), 42-43.

Covey, S. R. (2009). A School for Leadership. Educational Leadership, 67(2), 61-66. Retrieved from http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational-leadership/oct09/vol67/num02/A-School-for-Leadership.aspx

De Neal. A. (1998). Biography. Retrieved June 22, 2013

Eze, S. (2008. January 30). Unity Schools and the P.T Politics. Radio Nigeria English Programme. Retrieved May 11, 2013.

Hatch, T. (2009). The Outside- Inside Connection. Educational leadership, 67(2), 16-21. Retrieved from http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational_leadership/oct09/vol67/num02/The_Outside-Inside_Connection.aspx

Jaiyeoba, A. & Atanda, A. (2003). Community participation in the provision of facilities in secondary schools in Nigeria. Paper presented at the Conference of Nigerian Association of Educational Administration (NAEAP). University of Ibadan, October 29-31.

Jayieoba, A. O. (1994). Impact of School Administration Operational Area in the Implementation of the Two-Tier system of Secondary Education in Oyo State. Unpublished Thesis in the Department of Educational Management, Nigeria: University of Ibadan.

Mandernach, B. J. (2003). Incorporating and Documenting Effective Assessment. Retrieved November 12, 2007 from Park University Faculty Development Quick Tips.

Motala, S. (2001). Quality and indicators of quality in South African Education. A Critical Appraisal. International Journal of Educational Development, 21(1), 61-78. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0738-0593(00)00014-6

Ogunu, M. (2000). Introduction to Educational Management. Benin City: Mgbogun Publishers.

Okonkwo, C. A. (2011). Adapting on Demand Examination System in National Open University of Nigeria End of Semester Examination. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education (TOJDE), 12(4). Retrieved from http://tojde.anadolu.edu.tr/tojde45/articles/article_10.htm

Okonkwo, C. A. & Ikpe, A. (2008). Re–engineering the Examination Process in the National Open University of Nigeria: The On Demand Examination Initiative. Paper presented at the International Association for Educational Assessment (IAEA) 34th Annual Conference, Cambridge, 7th – 12th September. Retrieved from http://www.iaea2008.cambridgeassessment.org.uk/ca/digitalAssets/180445_Okonkwo_CA.pdf

Parret W. & Budge K. (2009). Tough questions for tough times. Educational Leadership, 67(2), 22-27. Retrieved from http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational-leadership/oct09/vol67/num02/Tough-Questions-for-Tough-Times.aspx

Price, H. B. (2008). Mobilizing the community to help students succeed. St. Alexandria, VA: ASCD Publication.

Schleicher, A. (2009). Lessons from the World. Educational Leadership, 67(2), 50-55. Retrieved from http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational-leadership/oct09/vol67/num02/Lessons-from-the-World.aspx


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.