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Focus and Scope

Open Praxis is a peer-reviewed open access scholarly journal focusing on research and innovation in open, distance and flexible education. It is published by the International Council for Open and Distance Education - ICDE.

The aim of Open Praxis is to provide a forum for global collaboration and discussion of issues in the practice of distance and e-learning.

Open Praxis welcomes contributions which demonstrate creative and innovative research, and which highlight challenges, lessons and achievements in the practice of distance and e-learning from all over the world, specially in higher education.

An article may present research or surveys of recent work, describe original work, or discuss new technology and its possibilities, implications and/or other related issues.

Considering the international scope of the journal, contributions will be geographically and institutionally balanced:

  • Maximum 10% may be from an institution to which the Editor has an affiliation, i.e. UNED
  • Maximum 25% may be from the country of the Editor’s institution, i.e. Spain
  • Maximum 50% may be from the region, i.e. Europe
  • Minimum 25% should be from beyond the region and from a wide range of countries and regions.

One same author can publish a maximum of one paper per year/volume, or two if it is a collective paper.

Individual issues of Open Praxis may have an overarching theme, described in the call for papers. Contributions are, however, also invited on other topics which fall within the sphere of interest of the journal.

Publication Frequency

Open Praxis is a quarterly journal. Issues will be published in January-March, April-June, July-September and October-December.

Themes and deadlines for submission of articles will be announced on the Open Praxis and ICDE websites.

Open Access Policy

This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge. There is no embargo on the journal’s publications. Submission and acceptance dates, along with publication dates, are made available on the PDF format for each paper.

Authors of articles published remain the copyright holders and grant third parties the right to use, reproduce, and share the article according to the Creative Commons license agreement.

Authors are encouraged to publish their data in recommended repositories. For a list of generic and subject-specific repositories that meet our peer review criteria, visit the Open Access Directory or

Archiving Policy

Open Praxis utilizes the LOCKSS system to create a distributed archiving system among participating libraries and permits those libraries to create permanent archives of the journal for purposes of preservation and restoration.


Furthermore, Open Praxis is indexed in (shown in alphabetical order):

  • BASE: Bielefeld Academic Search Engine
  • BOLDE: Blended, Online Learning and Distance Education research bank
  • CIRC (Clasificación Integrada de Revistas Científicas)
  • CiteSeerX
  • CNKI Scholar (China National Knowledge Infrastructure)
  • Crossref (DOI: 10.5944/openpraxis)
  • Dialnet
  • DOAJ (Directory of Open Access Journals)
  • EBSCO Education Source
  • EBSCO Information Services - Open Science Directory
  • EdiTLib
  • Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI)- Web of Science
  • ERA (Educational Research Abstracts Online)
  • ERIC
  • EZB Electronic Journals Library
  • Genamics Journal Seek
  • Google Scholar
  • Hispana
  • IDP Database of Research in International Education
  • Informit - Humanities & Social Sciences Collection
  • ISSN
  • JournalTOCs
  • Mendeley
  • MIAR (ICDS 2020: 9.90)
  • Norwegian Register for Scientific Journals, Series and Publishers (Scientific level: 1)
  • OER Knowledge Cloud
  • Open Education Europa (former elearning Europa)
  • OpenAIRE
  • Openarchives
  • Paperity (open science aggregated)
  • PKP Index
  • REBIUN (Red de Bibliotecas Universitarias)
  • REDIB (Red Iberoamericana de Innovación y Conocimiento Científico)
  • ResearchGate
  • Sherpa/Romeo
  • Ulrich serials
  • Universia - Biblioteca de recursos
  • WorldCat


Research articles and innovative practice articles are subject to double-blind peer review. 

We expect reviewers to follow the COPE Ethical Guidelines for Peer Reviewers.

If you want to become a reviewer willing to conduct peer review of submissions to Open Praxis, please complete the registration form and check "Reviewer" role. 

In order to consider your candidature, it is important that you complete your profile in the journal website, specially your affiliation, bio statement and reviewing interests.

Additionally, please send a short CV by email to

The minimum requirements for being appointed as a reviewer in this journal and which you should include in your CV are:

  • - be proficient in English
  • - hold a higher education degree, preferably PhD
  • - work or have experience in higher education and have expertise in open and distance education.

The following documents explain how the review process is developed in OJS:

* Please note that the review forms developed for Open Praxis are different to those shown in the guide and video



The ICDE Bulletin changed its name to Open Praxis in 1993. It was a printed journal published twice a year until 2003 (ISSN: 1369-9997).

In 2005 it became an electronic journal and was hosted for the first few years by Lillehammer University College, Norway. It was published from 2005 to 2009.

In 2011, ICDE announced its intention for Open Praxis to be relaunched as a peer-reviewed open access journal. A call for bids was held in order to designate a new host institution. Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED) was selected as host for the period 2011-2022. Anadolu University has been chosen as the host institution since 2023. The first issue in this new stage was published in January 2013.

Inés Gil-Jaurena acted as the Editor-in-Chief from 2011 to 2022. By 2023 onwards,  Aras Bozkurt will act as the Editor-in-Chief.

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