Online educators’ recommendations for teaching online: Crowdsourcing in action

Joanna C. Dunlap, Patrick R. Lowenthal


Over the years, online educators have learned a great deal about what works and doesn’t work when designing and facilitating online courses. During the past few years, we have used crowdsourcing to invite experienced online educators to share their recommendations for teaching online. In this article, we describe our use of crowdsourcing to curate a robust list of online-teaching recommendations, present the recommendations experienced online educators have shared with us, share the themes resulting from our analysis, describe how the themes align with the Community of Inquiry (CoI) model, and discuss how adhering to the crowdsourced recommendations may enhance the design and facilitation of online courses.


Online teaching; online education; crowdsourcing; instructional strategies; Community of Inquiry (CoI); presence

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