Assessing the Potential Toward Open Educational Practices in Kyrgyzstan

Anita R Walz, Jyldyz Bekbalaeva

Abstract


The study was undertaken to understand the propensity for increased engagement with open educational practices (OEP), to include methods prioritizing student-centered teaching & learning, and awareness, use, and development of open educational resources (OER) among higher education faculty in Kyrgyzstan. The study employed a mixed-methods research design, combining qualitative and quantitative data obtained from 35 faculty, librarians, and administrators in institutions of higher education in Kyrgyzstan. This study aimed to identify current teaching practices and learning resource usage practices, gauge levels of knowledge regarding Kyrgyzstan’s Copyright law, Creative Commons licenses, and Open Educational Resources, and investigate perceptions regarding potential roles for libraries in enabling others’ learning regarding Copyright and Creative Commons, and open educational resources. Analysis of the results revealed a higher than expected gravitation toward student-centered pedagogy than previously assumed. The study also identified broad use of digital downloads as learning materials, conflation of open educational resources with free online resources, and positive perceptions of libraries’ potential to instruct regarding Kyrgyz copyright, Creative Commons, and open educational resources, and needs for further professional development training for librarians.


Keywords


Open Educational Practices; Open Educational Resources; Teaching & Learning; Kyrgyzstan

Full Text:

HTML PDF XML

References


AUCA News (2017, May 12). Fulbright Specialist Anita Walz Visits AUCA. Retrieved from https://auca.kg/en/auca_news/3060/

Aesoph, L.M. (2018). Self-Publishing Guide. Victoria, BC: BCcampus. Retrieved from https://opentextbc.ca/selfpublishguide

Baeten, M., Kyndt, E., Struyven, K., & Dochy, F. (2010) Using student-centred learning environments to stimulate deep approaches to learning: Factors encouraging or discouraging their effectiveness. Educational Research Review, 5(3), 243-260. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.edurev.2010.06.001

Butcher, N. (2011). A basic guide to Open Educational Resources (OER). Vancouver, Canada: Commonwealth of Learning. Retrieved from http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0

de la Sablonnière, R., Taylor, D. M., & Sadykova, N. (2009). Challenges of applying a student-centered approach to learning in the context of education in Kyrgyzstan. International Journal of Educational Development, 29(6), 628-634. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijedudev.2009.01.001

DeRosa, R., & Jhangiani, R. (2017). Open Pedagogy. In Mays, E. A guide to making open textbooks with students. Retrieved from https://press.rebus.community/makingopentextbookswithstudents/chapter/open-pedagogy

DeYoung, A. J. (2008). Conceptualizing paradoxes of post-socialist education in Kyrgyzstan. Nationalities Papers, 36(4), 641-657. https://doi.org/10.1080/00905990802230571

DeYoung, A.J. (2013). Redefining students and universities in the Kyrgyz Republic. In Akcali, P. & Engin-Demir, C. Politics, Identity, and Education in Central Asia. London: Routledge.

Ehlers, U. (2011). Extending the territory: From open educational resources to open educational practices. Journal of Open, Flexible and Distance Learning, 15(2), 1-10. Retrieved from http://www.jofdl.nz/index.php/JOFDL/article/view/64

EIFL (2017, May 9). Kyrgyzstan Set to Accede to Marrakesh Treaty. Retrieved from http://www.eifl.org/news/kyrgyzstan-set-accede-marrakesh-treaty

English File (n.d.). Oxford University Press. Retrieved from https://elt.oup.com/student/englishfile

European Commission (2012). Higher Education in Kyrgyzstan. [Country report]. Retrieved from http://eacea.ec.europa.eu/tempus/participating_countries/overview/Kyrgyzstan.pdf

Grasha, A. (1994). A Matter of Style: The Teacher as Expert, Formal Authority, Personal Model, Facilitator, and Delegator. College Teaching, 42(4), 142-149. https://doi.org/10.1080/87567555.1994.9926845

Grigoryev, I. (2014). AnyLogic in Three Days: A Quick Course in Simulation Modeling. Retrieved from https://www.anylogic.com/resources/books/free-simulation-book-and-modeling-tutorials

Hendricks, C. (2015, August 18). Non-disposable assignments in intro to philosophy. You’re the teacher [Blog post]. Retrieved from http://blogs.ubc.ca/chendricks/2015/08/18/non-disposable-assignments-intro-philosophy

Huitt, W. G., & Monetti, D. M., (2017). Openness and the transformation of education and schooling. In Jhangiani, R. S. & Biswas-Diener, R. (eds.) Open: The Philosophy and Practices that are Revolutionizing Education and Science (pp. 43-65). London: Ubiquity Press. https://doi.org/10.5334/bbc.d

KyrlibNet (2017). OOR: Novaya Realnost’ dlya Vuzov Kyrgyzstana. [Open Educational Resources: New Paradigm for Higher Educational Institutions of Kyrgyzstan]. Retrieved from http://kyrlibnet.kg/ru/oor-new/

Masterman, E. (2015). Does an open world need new pedagogies or can existing pedagogies suffice? Proceedings from the European Conference on e-Learning. Kidmore End: Academic Conferences International, Limited.

Merrill, M. C. (2011). Kasha and quality in Kyrgyzstan: Donors, diversity, and dis-integration in higher education. European Education, 43(4), 5-25. https://doi.org/10.2753/EUE1056-4934430401

Morgan, T. (2016, December 21). Open pedagogy and a very brief history of the concept. Explorations in the ed tech world [Blog post]. Retrieved from https://homonym.ca/uncategorized/open-pedagogy-and-a-very-brief-history-of-the-concept

Muhametjanova, G., & Cagiltay, K. (2016). Integrating Technology Into Instruction At A Public University In Kyrgyzstan: Barriers And Enablers. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 12(10), 2657-2670. https://doi.org/10.12973/eurasia.2016.1287a

OER Impact Map (2014, July 8). Bishkek Resolution on OER and Digital Education. Retrieved from http://oermap.org/policy/bishkek-resolution-on-oer-and-digital-education

Open Education Consortium (2017) About The Open Education Consortium. Retrieved from http://www.oeconsortium.org/about-oec

Open Textbook Network (2017). Open Textbook Network Launches The Publishing Cooperative. Retrieved from http://research.cehd.umn.edu/otn/open-textbook-network-launches-the-publishing-cooperative-to-support-open-education-expansion/

Smith, M. & Casserly, C. (2006). The Promise of Open Educational Resources. Change: The Magazine of Higher Learning, 38(5), 8-17. https://doi.org/10.3200/CHNG.38.5.8-17

Soros Kyrgyzstan Foundation News (2017). 19-21 Iulya v Naryne Prohodit Letniy Lager’ Otkrytyh Obrazovatelnyh Resursov (OOR). [Open Educational Resources Summer Camp to Be Conducted in Naryn, July 19-21]. Retrieved from http://soros.kg/archives/19381

State Service Intellectual Property and Innovation at the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic (2017). The Law of the Kyrgyz Republic “On Copyright and Related Rights”. Retrieved from http://patent.kg/index.php/ru/legislation/67-laws/kodeksy-i-zakony-kyrgyzskoj-respubliki/759-zakon--kyrgyzskoj-respubliki-ob-avtorskom-prave-i-smezhnykh-pravakh.html

Strategy for Development of Education in Kyrgyzstan 2012-2020 (2012). Bishkek [in Russian].

UNESCO (2011). CIS on the Way to Open Educational Resources [in Russian]. Retrieved from http://ru.iite.unesco.org/pics/publications/ru/files/3214683.pdf

V OshGU sostoyalas’ presentatsiay proyekta “Otkrytye Yel’skiye kursy” [Open Yale Courses Presented at Osh State University]. (2008, April 30). Retrieved from https://www.turmush.kg/ru/news:15428

World Bank (2017). Project performance assessment report: Kyrgyz Republic-Rural Education Project. Washington, DC: World Bank. Retrieved from http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/246341500307165325/Kyrgyz-Republic-rural-education-project

Wiley, D. (n.d.). Defining the “Open” in open content and open educational resources. Retrieved from http://opencontent.org/definition

Wiley, D. (2017, May 2). OER-enabled pedagogy. Iterating toward openness [Blog post]. Retrieved from https://opencontent.org/blog/archives/5009

WIPO (2017, May 15). Marrakesh Notification No. 29. Retrieved from http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/notifications/marrakesh/treaty_marrakesh_29.html

WIPO (n.d.). WIPO Lex. Kyrgyzstan. Retrieved from http://www.wipo.int/wipolex/en/profile.jsp?code=KG




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5944/openpraxis.10.2.834

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.